简介

学习Android,自定义View不可避免,之前一直忽视这块内容,现在开始学,应该不算太晚。从常见的ViewPagerIndicator开始,当然,万能的Github上包罗万象,好用的indicator也是不胜枚举,旨在学习自定义View的一般操作过程。

思路

做一个简单的ViewPagerIndicator,只支持平均大小的TextView,支持点,矩形和三角形。

  1. 使用LinearLayout作为父类;
  2. 定义indicator的颜色,高度和半径,当然也可以定义其他的属性;
  3. 使用到Path,Paint,Canvas等图形绘制的内容;
  4. 使用Kotlin

实现

圆形indicator

定义自定义属性

styles.xml

    <attr name="y_indicator_color" format="color"/>
    <attr name="y_indicator_radius" format="dimension"/>
    <declare-styleable name="YVPDotIndicator">
        <attr name="y_indicator_color"/>
        <attr name="y_indicator_radius"/>
    </declare-styleable>

代码实现

通过设置ViewPager,然后从Adapter的getPageTitle方法获取TextView的显示内容,然后添加标签,然后绘制圆形指示器,通过ViewPager的滑动回调方法,设置圆形指示器的位置。

class YVPDotIndicator : LinearLayout {
    private var mStartPos: Float = 0.0F//indicator开始位置
    private var mWidthOffset: Int = 0//初始offset

    private var mPaint: Paint? = null

    private var mIndicatorColor = Color.parseColor("#FFFFFF")//indicator颜色
    private var mIndicatorRadius = 2//圆形indicator半径

    private var mVp: ViewPager? = null
    private var pageListener = InterPageChangeListener()

    private var mTabCount: Int? = 0
    private var mTabWidth: Float? = 0.0F
    private val defaultLayoutParams = LinearLayout.LayoutParams(0, LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, 1.0f)

    constructor(context: Context, attrs: AttributeSet) : this(context, attrs, 0)
    constructor(context: Context, attrs: AttributeSet, defStyle: Int) : super(context, attrs, defStyle) {
        setWillNotDraw(false)

        val dm = resources.displayMetrics

        val a = context.theme.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable.YVPDotIndicator, defStyle, 0)
        mIndicatorRadius = TypedValue.applyDimension(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, mIndicatorRadius.toFloat(), dm).toInt()

        mIndicatorColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.YVPDotIndicator_y_indicator_color, Color.parseColor("#FFFFFF"))
        mIndicatorRadius = a.getDimensionPixelSize(R.styleable.YVPDotIndicator_y_indicator_radius, 2)
        a.recycle()

        initPaint()
    }

    /**
     * 设置ViewPager
     */
    fun setViewPager(vp: ViewPager) {
        mVp = vp
        if (vp.adapter == null) {
            throw IllegalArgumentException()
        }
        notifyDataSetChanged()
        mVp?.addOnPageChangeListener(pageListener)
    }

    fun notifyDataSetChanged() {
        this.removeAllViews()
        mTabCount = mVp?.adapter?.count
        for (i in 0..mTabCount?.let { it - 1 } as Int) {
            addTextTab(i, mVp?.adapter?.getPageTitle(i).toString())
        }
    }

    fun addTextTab(position: Int, title: String) {
        var tab = TextView(context)
        tab.text = title
        tab.gravity = Gravity.CENTER
        tab.setSingleLine()

        tab.isFocusable = true
        tab.setOnClickListener { mVp?.currentItem = position }

        this.addView(tab, position, defaultLayoutParams)
    }

    /**
     * 初始化画笔
     */
    private fun initPaint() {
        mPaint = Paint()
        mPaint?.color = mIndicatorColor
        mPaint?.isAntiAlias = true
        mPaint?.style = Paint.Style.FILL
    }

    override fun onSizeChanged(w: Int, h: Int, oldw: Int, oldh: Int) {
        super.onSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh)
        mTabWidth = (w / childCount).toFloat()
        mStartPos = mTabWidth?.let { it/2 } as Float
    }

    override fun dispatchDraw(canvas: Canvas?) {
        canvas?.save()
        canvas?.translate(0.0F, height.toFloat())
        canvas?.drawCircle(mStartPos + mWidthOffset, -mIndicatorRadius.toFloat(), mIndicatorRadius.toFloat(), mPaint)
        canvas?.restore()
        super.dispatchDraw(canvas)
    }

    inner class InterPageChangeListener: ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener {
        override fun onPageScrollStateChanged(state: Int) {

        }

        override fun onPageSelected(position: Int) {

        }

        override fun onPageScrolled(position: Int, positionOffset: Float, positionOffsetPixels: Int) {
            val tabWidth = screenWidth / childCount
            mWidthOffset = (tabWidth * position + tabWidth * positionOffset).toInt()
            invalidate()
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获取屏幕宽度

     * @return
     */
    private val screenWidth: Int
        get() {
            val windowManager = context.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE) as WindowManager
            val displayMetrics = DisplayMetrics()
            windowManager.defaultDisplay.getMetrics(displayMetrics)
            return displayMetrics.widthPixels
        }
}

其他Indicator

类似的矩形指示器和三角形指示器,均可按照上面的方式实现。

具体效果

这里写图片描述

示例源码

YVPIndicator

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